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Spanish Revival

History

Prior to the 1920s, the Spanish Revival style was predominantly based on more simple Spanish missions. However, in 1915, the style gained a significant update due to the Panama-Calaifornia Exposition held in San Diego. Under the guidance of Bertam Goodhue, the exposition fabricated exotic Spanish Baroque and Churriqueresque facades to the pavilions and halls that inspired Southern Californian architecture for decades to come.

characteristics

Inspired by the Panama-California exposition of 1915, architects began to look directly to Spain for domestic building materials, and finding a rich history to pull from, the style evolved into what many refer to as the “Spanish Colonial” Revival. The style is predominately white stucco exterior with red, barrel time roofs. The exteriors tend to be large, simple expanses of wall with small windows (as was appropriate to the hot, arid climates of the Andalusian region) and the overall shape of the house comprised of simple rectangular forms and shallow pitched, gabled (or shed) roofs.

As the style evolved from the exposition, however, Spanish Baroque details were added to the architecture. These are most commonly seen in extremely elaborate carved stone entries or embellishments such as decorative gable vents or medallions. Variations of this style can include features such as towers (round, spare or polygonal), overhanging balconies made of wood or iron, and occasionally the use of decorative ceramic tiles on the exterior. Courtyards and fountains are also a common feature, as the design of the house usually incorporates some degree of exterior “room” into the layout.

Gallery